目标问题!

欢迎来到“解决问题”栏目!, 帮助家长和教师了解孩子在阅读方面可能存在的具体问题的信息. 你会发现你(和孩子们自己)可以做些什么来帮助学生克服或处理他们的阅读困难的实用建议.

概述

有关快速概述,请启动 目标问题! 活动

针对问题活动

阅读困难的范畴

请按以下连结,了解儿童经常有阅读困难的地方:

你会在每个部分找到什么

  • An explanation of the problem and how it affects a child's reading
  • 关于孩子如何经历困难的信息,以及从父母或老师的角度看它可能是什么样子
  • Suggestions on what parents, 老师, and kids themselves can do to help
  • 更多信息的链接
以问题为目标

你也可以下载和列印这个讲义版本的“解决问题”!" with all the information presented in chart form.

需要注意的事情

There are many reasons why reading can be hard. 目标问题! 描述阅读的五个组成部分和孩子们在每个领域所经历的困难.

菠菜台子希望这个工具能帮助家长和老师意识到孩子在哪些特定领域遇到了困难,并开始有针对性地提供帮助. (在 其他的困难 section, you'll also find information about other sources of reading problems, such as processing difficulties and attention issues.)

值得注意的是,苦苦挣扎的读者通常会在多个领域遇到问题. 例如, children who have problems with phonemic awareness almost always have problems in word decoding and phonics; children with fluency problems usually have comprehension weaknesses; and a weak 词汇表 also impacts comprehension. 请 read through all of the sections of 目标问题! to understand these different factors.

关键是,当你怀疑一个孩子有阅读困难时,不要犹豫. 相信自己的判断,并考虑孩子与其他学生相比的表现. Al虽然 reading problems are best addressed when caught at a young age, 帮助孩子永远不会太迟. 要尽早考虑的一件事是,听力或视力的丧失是否会导致孩子的阅读困难. 一定要和你的儿科医生谈谈,让你的孩子做听力和视力测试. 这对于有耳液或过敏的儿童尤为重要.

家长在确保学校能满足孩子的需求方面扮演着重要的角色. Some kids end up being diagnosed with a learning disability. There is an even larger group of students, 虽然, 谁从来没有得到过诊断,但谁仍然需要有针对性的帮助来学习和阅读. Because you care the most about your child, you need to understand your child's needs and advocate for him or her.

一个全面的阅读评估可以帮助确定孩子的阅读困难. 一个好的评价应该是明确的, 例如, 孩子的主要阅读问题是否是流利性差,其次是理解问题, or whether other problems that contribute to poor comprehension also exist. 请参见 评估过程 for information on how to get a thorough reading evaluation for your child.

We hope you'll use this information as a starting point. The best thing that can happen is for parents, 老师, 和其他专业人士开始谈话和制定策略,他们可以帮助孩子克服或处理他或她的阅读困难. 这需要每个人共同努力来帮助孩子加强对学习阅读至关重要的技能.

目标问题! includes suggested things parents, 老师, and kids themselves can do. The idea is not to put more pressure on a child, but to offer him or her caring support and strategies that work. 在他或她的背后,有一个由家长和老师组成的消息灵通、敬业的团队, your child will have the best opportunity to succeed at reading.

精美的印刷

目标问题! 不打算取代训练有素的专业人员的专业知识,如教育诊断医生, 学校心理学家, 特殊教育工作者, 或者是普通的教育工作者来诊断或者指导那些可能有阅读障碍的孩子.

目标问题! is also not intended to be exhaustive in scope. 阅读障碍的话题是复杂的,因为儿童的独特性, 家庭, 教室, 和家庭环境, there is no one strategy that will work for all children. 请将所提供的资料与您可能从其他资源和人士获得的资料结合使用.

特色视频:目标问题!

关于这个信息

菠菜台子创造了“瞄准问题”!“为家长和教师提供一种工具,帮助他们认识并解决孩子的阅读困难。. 它的目的是鼓励家长和老师开始让那些能够帮助确定孩子阅读问题的本质或根源的人参与进来, 2)提供有针对性的指导或干预,以帮助孩子克服困难, 以他或她的力量为基础, 提高技能水平.

Our overall goal is to provide accurate, research-based information; offer suggestions that are practical and feasible; present information so it is easy to understand; bring more attention to reading disabilities; and provide a bridge to the many additional resources available from The Access Center, 十大菠菜台子, LD在线, 和其他组织.

在开发这些信息的过程中,菠菜台子决定把重点放在阅读的五个组成部分上. These components were articulated by the National Reading Panel in 2000, and are well supported by scientific evidence.

“目标问题!是十大菠菜台子、The Access Center和LD在线的合作项目.

The Access Center and 十大菠菜台子 are funded by the U.S. 教育部特殊教育和康复服务办公室.

以下个人对这一材料的开发做出了贡献. 凯瑟琳·德拉蒙德,博士. 克劳迪娅·埃德蒙森,博士. 乔安妮·迈耶,博士. 凯思琳·罗斯-基德博士和. 朱迪·斯坦利.

We are grateful to the following individuals for their careful review: Dr. 林恩·福克斯,博士. 路易莎护城河,博士. 安玛丽Palincsar,博士. 特里•塞林格博士. 露易丝·斯皮尔-斯韦林博士和. 乔安娜·威廉姆斯.

让菠菜台子知道 how you are using this tool or if you have any comments or suggestions.

"Books are a uniquely portable magic." —

史蒂芬·金